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      According to the database which contains NGOs in all regions of development in Romania, that is available online on the website of the eRomania Gateway Associtiation (eRG), 2461 organisations provide social services, while 3876 NGOs are registered as working in the area of edication and human rights. This corresponds to the “Document for multiannual programming 2003-2007 of the Civil society sector”, published by the Foundation for the development of society, indicating that from the total number of 20 000-30 000 existent NGOs in Romania (with an annual increase rate of 10%), only 2 500 to 7 000 of them are active. According to the same study, the nonprofit sector in Romania is mainly urban: “From the total number of NGOs, those which are localised in the rural area represent 10-14%. The geographical distribution also stays unequal, counties in South-Easthern Romania, for instance, represent a very low rate of associative life”. From all active NGOs only 125 of them are registered as developing advocacy activitites, many of them working in the area of people with dissabilities, protection of the environment or programmes involving young people, according to the database of CENTRAS organisation. Despite the fact that their number is not large, as seen in the “Document for multiannual programming 2003-2007 of the Civil society sector”, “Romanian NGOs have achieved remarkable successes in raising awarness of the public opinion, by organising several press campaigns and public debates, on such themes as: environmental protection, domestic violence, voting reform, health”. Although “supplying social services by NGOs continues to expand, from the point of view of territory as much as that of the offered services, and organisations are already raising awareness on social issues, the intewrventions made by NGOs on legislative changes and politic policies have not yet reached the desired results”. This ows itself, as underlined in the above mentioned report, to both offered services which do not always meet the needs of citizens, and the limited capacity of Romanian NGOs to extend the variety of provided services and increase the number of their beneficiaries.



        Training on Monitoring Public Institutions  

      During 27-30th of March 2008 a training session on Monitoring of Public Institutions was held in Sighisoara. The training is part of the capacity building programme for NGOs, included in the project “PROACTIVE NGO - Promotion, Action and Instruction for NGOs” financed by the European Union through Phare 2005 Programmme Consolidation of Democracy in Romania – Component 2 - Democracy, human rights, the democratic state, independence of justice and fight against corruption. The persons who participated in the training were elected by the organisations which had been accepted in the project after the selection process and signed protocols for colaboration. Several themes were discussed during the trainng: conceptual delimitations of the monitoring process, the role of organisations in monitoring public institutions, responsabilities of public institutions. Regarding the defending of human rights, the main discussion themes were: the legislation that enables monitoring activities, evaluation of monitoring methods used by organisations, building up a monitoring plan, presenting methods and instruments used in monitoring processes, valorisation of monitoring results.



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